The Hermeneutical Transformations of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente

Differences in Biblical interpretation is a common cause of debate among Christian churches. Moreover, a denomination may also change how it interprets scripture at different points in its history. The latter applies to the Iglesia Filipina Independiente (IFI), as this church's hermeneutical position has continuously evolved since its establishment. Peter-Ben Smit’s “The Bible in the … Continue reading The Hermeneutical Transformations of the Iglesia Filipina Independiente

Appropriating Spanish Political Thought: The Scholastic Foundations of Emilio Jacinto’s Revolutionary Treatise

Stamp from 1963 featuring Emilio Jacinto. From the Philippine Postal Corporation. Remaining unpublished at the time of the Emilio Jacinto’s death at the young age of 23, his treatise Liwanag at Dilim (Light and Darkness) is “the most holistic account of Katipunero vernacular political theology,” describing the moral, social, and governing principles by which he … Continue reading Appropriating Spanish Political Thought: The Scholastic Foundations of Emilio Jacinto’s Revolutionary Treatise

LANDSCAPES OF THE DEAD: COLONIAL CATHOLIC CEMETERIES AND THE POLITICS OF BURIALS

Graves in Paco Park. Image from Fighting in the Philippines by Neely, Frank Tennyson. 1899. Digitized by the Boston Public Library. Undoubtedly, the entrance of the Spanish colonization in the Philippines reconfigured the social geography of the natives within the archipelago. For the ease of evangelization and colonization, the reducción policy physically relocated them into … Continue reading LANDSCAPES OF THE DEAD: COLONIAL CATHOLIC CEMETERIES AND THE POLITICS OF BURIALS

Critiques and Campaigns: On José María Panganiban’s “La Universidad de Manila”

Scanned copy of the September 30, 1890 issue of La Solidaridad from the NHCP-Museo ni Marcelo del Pilar. José María Panganiban is a figure in Philippine history that is not as deeply appreciated as other Filipinos involved in the campaign for reforms in the Philippines. On the one hand, many nationalist historians have written about … Continue reading Critiques and Campaigns: On José María Panganiban’s “La Universidad de Manila”

Training Seafarers: Science Education in the Escuela Náutica de Manila

The chapter titled “The Physics Class” in José Rizal’s El filibusterismo provides an unflattering portrait of science education in the Spanish Philippines. It portrays a stifling university education, symbolized by “the mysterious laboratory” where closed cabinets held “enigmatic apparatuses” that the students were not allowed to touch. Nevertheless, Rizal offered a warning against any hasty generalization, saying … Continue reading Training Seafarers: Science Education in the Escuela Náutica de Manila